PANAMA AND SIGATOKA DISEASES OF BANANA IN SELECTED LOCATIONS OF BANGLADESH
The survey was conducted to assess the prevalence and severity of Sigatoka and Panama disease of banana during April to September 2015. Fifty four locations were visited in eighteen upazillas of Narsingdhi, Tangail, Bogra, Gaibandha, Rangpur and Jessore districts with the objectives to confirm the documentation of the status of Panama and Sigatoka diseases and their isolation, identification, purification and preservation. Prevalence of Panama and Sigatoka diseases were found in the every area surveyed. Incidence and Severity of Panama and Sigatoka diseases were found different percentages at different areas of Bangladesh. In Narsingdi, the highest incidence for Sigatoka (52.93%) disease was found at Monohordi whereas the highest severity for Sigatoka (59.00%) disease was recorded from Polash upazila. In Bogra district, the highest incidence (32.33%) and severity (62.67%) of Sigatoka disease of banana were observed at Gabtoli upazila. In Gaibandha, the highest incidence (27.00 %) of Sigatoka disease was found at Shadullapur whereas the highest severity (61.00%) was observed at Gobindhagonj. The highest incidence (28.27%) and severity (68.67%) of Sigatoka disease of banana were found at Taragonj upazila of Rangpur. In Jessore, the highest incidence and severity for both the diseases were found at Kaligonj, while the lowest incidence and severity for both the diseases were found at Jhikorgacha. Incidence of Panama disease ranged from 10.33-32.67%. The highest rate found at Modhupur, Tangail and the lowest at Taragonj, Rangpur. The highest severity of Panama was found at Shibgonj, Bogra and lowest at Jhikorgacha, Jessore that range from (26.00-63.67%).
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1Scientific Officer, Plant Pathology Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Jaydebpur, Gazipur 1701, 2M. S Student of Plant Pathology Department, Shere Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka 1207, 3Senior Scientific Officer, Plant Pathology Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Jaydebpur, Gazipur 1701.